El Salvador celebrates the anniversary of its separation from Spain in 1821. On September 15, El Salvador celebrates their annual Independence Day with other Central American nations. El Salvador declared its freedom from Spanish domination. El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica signed the Central American Act of Independence, commonly known as Guatemala’s Act of Independence, on September 15, 1821. This official document announced Central America’s independence from the Spanish Crown. El Salvador observes Independence Day as a national holiday.
El Salvador’s Independence Day Celebrations
All around the country, local governments of each municipality plan celebrations for this national holiday. All municipal festivities on this day feature school marching bands, cheerleaders, student parades, and community activities.
Every local government holds a parade on September 15th where marching bands and cheerleaders from all public and private schools in the town participate. Every educational institution typically follows the same lineup, with a group of students bringing a banner-bearing institution to the front. The school’s cheerleaders follow it, closely followed by the marching band.
The school lineup finishes with a group of pupils in regular school uniforms. Some educational institutes also have pupils perform traditional folkloric dances and dress in colonial attire. They may also incorporate a flag, a shield, or another symbol of the country to reflect the other Central American countries that are also celebrating their independence on the same day as El Salvador. The procession travels through the main streets of the neighborhood before concluding there. Most small towns, like Sensuntepeque or Suchitoto, have their parades terminated at the town park. It comes to an end in bigger locations like soccer stadiums in major cities like San Salvador or Santa Ana.
Municipalities hold civic and cultural activities at the parade’s ultimate destination, which might include everything from reenactments to traditional dances and music. More extravagant festivals are held in larger communities, such as San Salvador, San Miguel, and Santa Ana, to mention a few. The military and national police are represented in the parades at these places by marching bands. Larger cities may also have military aircraft or helicopters flying overhead during the festivities. Larger cities’ Independence Day festivities provide more sights and experiences.
Even though the main holiday celebration takes place on September 15, there are additional civic and cultural activities going on all month long. For more information about all the events taking place this month, see the municipality’s website.